A proper estate plan does not just include a will but also includes a healthcare proxy and a durable power of attorney. The healthcare proxy and durable power of attorney are documents that can be used in the event of your incapacity. A healthcare proxy is a legal instrument that gives your agent the authority to make healthcare decisions for you if you are unable to. This document can be very important in the event you become incapacitated or unable to provide the doctor with direction. Only one agent can be listed as the primary agent on a healthcare proxy as the doctor does not want disputes as to your healthcare decisions. An alternate agent may be listed on your healthcare proxy if your first agent is unavailable to make decisions for you.
Your agent should be informed on end of life decisions such as life support and artificial nutrition and hydration. Attached to many healthcare proxies are living wills that provide guidance to your agents on these wishes. The healthcare proxy should be kept with your agent in an easily accessible location. Do not keep healthcare proxies in safety deposit boxes as banks may be closed when you need this document. A healthcare proxy is an important document necessary to ensure that your healthcare wishes and decisions are carried out by someone that you trust if you are unable to provide the doctors with guidance.